Download

Download eBook for Free

FormatFile SizeNotes
PDF file 4.9 MB

Use Adobe Acrobat Reader version 10 or higher for the best experience.

Purchase

Purchase Print Copy

 FormatList Price Price
Add to Cart Paperback79 pages $25.00 $20.00 20% Web Discount

The literature suggests that school districts "innovate" yet do not change in significant ways. This study explains such behavior in terms of organizational dynamics, not the characteristics of a planned change effort. The adaptation of an innovation can be a defense mechanism. During implementation, an innovation is adapted to reinforce rather than replace existing patterns. The same organizational conditions perpetuate the illusion that change is occurring. To explore these issues, five school districts were examined for internal and external pressures for change. The characteristic behavior, or stable states, of school districts can be categorized by one of two ideal types: maintenance or development. They do not, of course, fully capture the realities of school district life, but underlying organizational patterns in these stable states define limits as well as possibilities for successfully implementing and sustaining planned change efforts in local school systems.

This report is part of the RAND Corporation report series. The report was a product of the RAND Corporation from 1948 to 1993 that represented the principal publication documenting and transmitting RAND's major research findings and final research.

Permission is given to duplicate this electronic document for personal use only, as long as it is unaltered and complete. Copies may not be duplicated for commercial purposes. Unauthorized posting of RAND PDFs to a non-RAND Web site is prohibited. RAND PDFs are protected under copyright law. For information on reprint and linking permissions, please visit the RAND Permissions page.

The RAND Corporation is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. RAND's publications do not necessarily reflect the opinions of its research clients and sponsors.