The Effect of State of Residence on Medical School Admissions

by John E. Rolph, Albert P. Williams, C. Lee

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Data on medical school applications for 1972, 1973, 1974, and 1975 are used to develop discriminant functions which weight applicant characteristics (undergraduate GPA, MCAT, state of residence, etc.) according to their effects on an applicant's likelihood of being admitted to at least one U.S. medical school. State of residence effects are particularly strong for majority applicants. For example, an average white applicant from California would have a .13 probability of being admitted to some medical school; the same applicant from South Dakota would have a .81 probability of being admitted. The supply of physicians and the number of public and private medical school places in relation to a state's population account for most of the state of residence effects on admission odds.

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