Europe's Changing Energy Relations.
In considering Western Europe's changing energy relations, this report projects likely changes and examines current developments in the energy structures of OECD-Europe and the United States, and discusses international political, economic, and security issues related to these developments and to possible emergency disruptions of international oil supply. By 1985 OECD-Europe will probably use relatively less oil and coal, and relatively more nuclear electricity and natural gas. The United States will probably use relatively more coal and nuclear electricity, relatively less natural gas, and about the same proportion of oil. The two areas' degrees of dependence on imported oil appear to be converging--Europe's remaining, however, distinctly higher. Oil will remain by far the largest single source of energy in both areas, and the "swing fuel." Assuring an uninterrupted flow of oil by diplomatic and military means will become to a greater extent a matter of U.S. economic self-interest. 104 pp. Ref.