An examination of selected issues concerning the dependence of California’s AFDC (Aid to Families with Dependent Children) caseload on economic conditions. Questions considered include: Which sectors of the economy do most recipients come from and go to? Do certain sectors influence the size and composition of the caseload appreciably more than other sectors do? How employable are recipients, considering their family situations, experience, skills, educational attainment, etc.? The types of work recipients do before, during, and after being on AFDC are considered, as well as their skill level and wage. Recipients’ work histories, family composition, schooling, training, and demographic characteristics are surveyed. Findings are based principally on the Department of Benefit Payment 1973 Work History Survey and U.S. Census Bureau, HEW, and state surveys for 1966-1975.