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Although there are no energy balances available for the Soviet Union, the author has constructed such balances by drawing upon data prepared by the Soviet Central Statistical Administration and numerous other sources. This report presents Soviet fuel and energy balances for five benchmark years: 1950, 1960, 1965, 1970, and 1975. Two detailed appendixes describe the methodology, evidence, and derivation of the estimates and discuss the uncertainties and ambiguities encountered. In discussing the energy situation in the Soviet Union, the author points out sharp differences between the pattern of energy flows in the Soviet economy and that in the United States and Western Europe. The findings of the study have a number of implications for Soviet energy policymakers as they look for ways to reduce energy consumption. The most important seems to be the need to improve energy efficiency in the industrial sector, rather than in the transport or residential and commercial sectors that are so important for U.S. energy conservation efforts.

This report is part of the RAND Corporation Report series. The report was a product of the RAND Corporation from 1948 to 1993 that represented the principal publication documenting and transmitting RAND's major research findings and final research.

The RAND Corporation is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. RAND's publications do not necessarily reflect the opinions of its research clients and sponsors.