Urinary tract infection (UTI) is the presence and growth of bacteria anywhere in the kidneys, their collecting systems, or the bladder. Data on UTI incidence, prevalence, and adverse consequences are used in the Health Insurance Study (HIS) to investigate the effect of different levels of insurance on health status and quality of care because of its ease of diagnosis, amenability to treatment, common occurrence (especially in women), and impact on wellbeing. This volume reviews pertinent medical literature, details the HIS definition of UTI, describes HIS methods for measuring its presence and impact on people's lives, presents and discusses enrollment data from the six HIS sites, and outlines quality-of-care criteria. Illustrative findings include: Based on questionnaire data, 43 percent of adult female enrollees reported a past UTI (usually one or two episodes). Among those women with probable infection at enrollment, 41 percent reported adverse effects (mainly pain or worry).
This report is part of the RAND Corporation Report series. The report was a product of the RAND Corporation from 1948 to 1993 that represented the principal publication documenting and transmitting RAND's major research findings and final research.
Our mission to help improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis is enabled through our core values of quality and objectivity and our unwavering commitment to the highest level of integrity and ethical behavior. To help ensure our research and analysis are rigorous, objective, and nonpartisan, we subject our research publications to a robust and exacting quality-assurance process; avoid both the appearance and reality of financial and other conflicts of interest through staff training, project screening, and a policy of mandatory disclosure; and pursue transparency in our research engagements through our commitment to the open publication of our research findings and recommendations, disclosure of the source of funding of published research, and policies to ensure intellectual independence. For more information, visit www.rand.org/about/research-integrity.
The RAND Corporation is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. RAND's publications do not necessarily reflect the opinions of its research clients and sponsors.