A description of the general schedule (GS) system as it exists today and a discussion of alternative hypotheses to explain the average grade increase from 6.6 in l959 to 7.4 in l976. The analysis indicates: (1) "Grade creep" occurred throughout the federal government, not only the DOD. (2) There was a clearly observable change in the mix of occupations. (3) Before 1969, when comparability was achieved, the GS was pushed in subtle ways to increase grades as a substitute for pay raises. (4) The agencies that use GS are almost autonomous in their ability to prescribe their organizational structure. (5) Even more significant was the movement out of the lower grades into the middle grades. It is unclear what degree of importance to attach to any of the multiple factors affecting GS grades, but average grade may not be an appropriate measure of the problem. 38 pp.
This report is part of the RAND Corporation Report series. The report was a product of the RAND Corporation from 1948 to 1993 that represented the principal publication documenting and transmitting RAND's major research findings and final research.
Our mission to help improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis is enabled through our core values of quality and objectivity and our unwavering commitment to the highest level of integrity and ethical behavior. To help ensure our research and analysis are rigorous, objective, and nonpartisan, we subject our research publications to a robust and exacting quality-assurance process; avoid both the appearance and reality of financial and other conflicts of interest through staff training, project screening, and a policy of mandatory disclosure; and pursue transparency in our research engagements through our commitment to the open publication of our research findings and recommendations, disclosure of the source of funding of published research, and policies to ensure intellectual independence. For more information, visit www.rand.org/about/principles.
The RAND Corporation is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. RAND's publications do not necessarily reflect the opinions of its research clients and sponsors.