The Soviet Academy of Sciences and Technological Development

by Simon Kassel, Cathleen Campbell

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Examines the role of the Academy of Sciences, as a planner, coordinator, and performer of R&D, in the development of advanced technologies in the USSR. The analysis includes the relationship between the Academy's R&D institutes and the industry, the role of the Academy in the solution of industrial innovation problems, and the extent to which the Academy performs applied research and development, in contrast to basic research. The analysis is aided by a specially prepared survey of the Academy's R&D institutes; the survey identifies a set of institutes designated as relevant to technological development and classified according to subject area, national importance, and estimated position in the sequence of R&D activities ranging from basic research to pilot production. The report concludes that, while the development of advanced technologies depends significantly on the Academy of Sciences, this dependence is encumbered by problems stemming from the organizational distance between the Academy's R&D facilities and industrial test and production facilities.

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