This report documents the proceedings of a Ford Foundation-sponsored workshop on NATO held in RAND's Washington office, June 10-11, 1981. The workshop brought together a small cross-section of the official and nonofficial strategic community on the two sides of the Atlantic for a candid exchange of views on the problems likely to face the alliance during the coming four years. Although the participants reflected a wide range of views, with divergences within and among individual nationalities, they agreed more than they disagreed. With but a few exceptions, Europeans and Americans alike advocated incremental policies to deal with the alliance's continuing basic problems of security, deterrence, and detente. Although the outcome may have been foreordained by the composition of the group, no one saw the need for or advocated a drastic change in the fundamentals of postwar Western security arrangements.