This report analyzes the results from three major experiments with time-of-use (TOU) electricity rates for residential customers. It finds that when common analytic and data handling techniques are used, the responses of residential customers to TOU rates are quite similar in California, North Carolina, and Wisconsin. The principal finding — that results of the major rate experiments can be transferred to other locations — should be of wide interest to electric utilities, regulatory bodies, and energy policymakers.
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