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This policy study builds on an empirical analysis of schooling trends and recent enrollment in Malaysia which was published as N-2011-AID. That analysis indicated that school attendance is heavily influenced by family income, school location, and availability of transportation. Using actual levels of Malaysian secondary-school attendance as the base case, the present study calculates what attendance levels would be if each of these family or community characteristics were changed, but all others remained the same. The study's results indicate that although economic growth, as reflected in family income, has done much to promote Malaysia's rapid growth in education levels, rising incomes may have only marginal effects in the future. Consequently, school location and transportation show more promise as policy options, but will not affect all subpopulations to the same degree.

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