This report reviews recent developments and trends in international terrorism that could affect the safety and security of U.S. nuclear weapons research sites and production facilities. It is based on an examination of prior research findings and new evidence concerning the terrorist threat to U.S. nuclear weapons facilities. The findings suggest that the motivation, characteristics, and capabilities of potential adversaries have changed little in the past decade. However, two developments — a dramatic increase in state sponsorship of terrorism (i.e., sponsorship of terrorist groups by foreign governments) and a shift in emphasis within both the American and European anti-nuclear protest movements from energy to weapons — may necessitate some revisions in nuclear facility defense requirements.
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