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This report surveys the development of high-power cyclotron resonance masers (CRM) and gyrotrons in the Soviet Union, based on Soviet open-source literature. It deals with the nature and history of relativistic CRM devices; provides a sequence of the most important issues of gyrotron research and development as perceived by Soviet authors; and discusses individual Soviet research groups, the basic organizational units responsible for the CRM and gyrotron research and development. The study suggests, among other things, that high-power relativistic microwave electronics is one of the most successful areas of Soviet R&D. It has maintained a consistent record of significant achievements; it has managed to overcome the systemic weakness of the Soviet R&D system in being able to translate effectively the results of advanced research into production of practical equipment; and it has become the fastest growing area of application of pulsed power technology, which itself has been for many years the subject of priority development in the Soviet Union.

This report is part of the RAND Corporation Report series. The report was a product of the RAND Corporation from 1948 to 1993 that represented the principal publication documenting and transmitting RAND's major research findings and final research.

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