Building Confidence and Security in Europe

The Potential Role of Confidence- and Security-Building Measures

by Yoav Ben-Horin, Richard E. Darilek, M. Jas, Marilee Lawrence, Alan Platt

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This study addresses the potential contribution of confidence- and security-building measures (CSBMs) toward their goal of building confidence and security in Europe. First, the report surveys and discusses various publicly stated U.S. or NATO objectives for CSBMs, distilling these to three core objectives: inhibiting the threatened use of force for political intimidation, reducing misunderstanding/miscalculation, and making surprise attack less likely. It then describes the original NATO package of CSBMs, which consisted of six measures presented in January 1984 at the Conference on Disarmament in Europe (CDE) in Stockholm, analyzing and evaluating that package in the context of U.S./NATO objectives for CSBMs. Finally, it identifies several potential options available to the West for the future development of CSBM packages within the CDE. The study includes a brief summary of the main elements in both the original NATO package and the concluding document (reproduced in an appendix) of the Stockholm conference.

This report is part of the RAND Corporation Report series. The report was a product of the RAND Corporation from 1948 to 1993 that represented the principal publication documenting and transmitting RAND's major research findings and final research.

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