This report investigates a potential economic motive for the Japanese Federation of Bar Associations restriction on entry of foreign lawyers into the profession, namely the preservation of high incomes for its members. It provides an overview of the institutional setting and changes over time in the supply and demand for legal services in Japan; describes the data and presents summary estimates for the relative incomes of attorneys in domestic and international practice; and presents tobit estimates of pooled cross-section time-series models of incomes. The authors found evidence that entry barriers to the Japanese legal profession have given rise to very high attorney incomes relative to other skilled occupations, especially in the 1960s and early 1970s.
This report is part of the RAND Corporation Report series. The report was a product of the RAND Corporation from 1948 to 1993 that represented the principal publication documenting and transmitting RAND's major research findings and final research.
Permission is given to duplicate this electronic document for personal use only, as long as it is unaltered and complete. Copies may not be duplicated for commercial purposes. Unauthorized posting of RAND PDFs to a non-RAND Web site is prohibited. RAND PDFs are protected under copyright law. For information on reprint and linking permissions, please visit the RAND Permissions page.
The RAND Corporation is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. RAND's publications do not necessarily reflect the opinions of its research clients and sponsors.