Youth Training in the United States, Britain, and Australia
This report compares the postschool training experiences of young men in the United States, Great Britain, and Australia, using the National Longitudinal Survey of Young Men for the United States, and male samples from Britain's National Child Development Study and the Australian Longitudinal Survey of Youth. The authors use these data to document and compare the incidence of youth training not only at labor market entry, but over the early work career. They consider formal training from employers and from such off-the-job sources as business and technical institutes, industry training centers, and schools. They consider several broad issues: (1) whether education and work-related training are complementary or substitute forms of skill investments; (2) the roles technology plays in shaping educational and skill needs in the workplace; (3) whether unions inhibit job training; and (4) how patterns of training in the three countries compare.