The author examines challenges to the U.S. Army in the light of repeated military operations other than war (MOOTW) missions. Because the Army is picking up more MOOTW without losing its present missions, stresses on it are bound to mount. Army leaders have three choices: (1) continue to embrace MOOTW as a "lesser included case"; (2) withdraw from competition for this professional jurisdiction; or (3) seek more fundamental adjustment to its organization and training. The last choice would require a significant increase in the strength of the active force; a new way of readying units for deployment — possibly a unit rotation system with a degree of tiered readiness; a changed force mix; structural changes, especially at the headquarters level; and a better balance between warfighting training and training in skills for nonwar.
Originally published in: The Future of the Army Profession, pp. 155-178.
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