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An important but understudied aspect of substance use research is its relationship to characteristics of the community, including if there are differences in the association between peer and family factors with use between youth living in rural and urban areas. The results of this study are based on a statewide survey of approximately 4,400 youth in a southwestern state. It tested for the inequality of coefficients from regression equations on three measures of substance use: an overall scale, alcohol use, and marijuana use. The relationship of peer influence on substance use was stronger among urban-located youth; however, there were no rural-urban differences for family factors.

Reprinted with permission from Criminal Justice Review, Vol. 31, No. 4, Dec. 2006, pp. 337-356. Copyright © 2006 Georgia State University, College of Health and Human Sciences.

Originally published in: Criminal Justice Review, Vol. 31, No. 4, Dec. 2006, pp. 337-356.

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