The Effect of Access to Post-Retirement Health Insurance on the Decision to Retire Early

by Lynn A. Karoly, Jeannette Rogowski

The authors analyze the effect of the availability of post-retirement health insurance on early retirement behavior of men using data from the 1984, 1986, and 1988 panels of the Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP). They extend previous static models of retirement to account for access to health insurance as a factor in the retirement decision. The estimates from probit models of retirement during the SIPP panel period show that the offer of continued employer-provided health insurance coverage after retirement increased the likelihood of retirement before age 65. Also, the authors find evidence that the presence before retirement of retirement insurance coverage through a source in addition to the employer increased the likelihood of early retirement.

Originally published in: Industrial and Labor Relations Review, v. 48, no. 1, October 1994, pp. 103-123.

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