A Review of Abortion Policy

Legality, Medicaid Funding, and Parental Involvement, 1967-1994

by Jon Merz, Catherine A. Jackson, Jacob Alex Klerman

This paper attempts to document the history of abortion legality and two abortion policies — Medicaid funding of abortion for indigent women, and the requirement for parental involvement in a minor's abortion decision. The paper has three sections. The first section briefly summarizes the U.S. Supreme Court decisions that set the Constitutional boundaries of state actions regarding abortion legality, Medicaid payment for abortion for indigent women, and the requirements for the involvement of minors' parents in the abortion decision. The second and main section of the paper provides a documented state-by-state review. The third and final section summarizes this review (including figures graphically describing the status of each policy by state through time) and presents some concluding comments.

Originally published in: Women's Rights Law Reporter, v. 17, no. 1, Winter 1995, pp. 1-61.

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