Increasing the availability and effectiveness of forces from some of the developing countries for peace operations is an important way of ensuring the success of such missions in the future. In practice, this means structuring aid and assistance programmes from developed Western states to developing states in an appropriate fashion. The first step is to assess the deficiencies of the armed forces specifically with respect to peace operations. The authors propose a methodology for such an assessment. This uses seven categories to identify obstacles to the more effective participation in peace operations: general education, military proficiency, discipline, leadership, equipment, English-language proficiency, and specialized peacekeeping training. These measures, each a composite of several indicators, yield a general assessment. In line with the policy orientation of the article the authors then propose some ways in which to use this assessment.