The authors use data from the Indonesian Family Life Survey (IFLS) to examine patterns of height and weight among Indonesians of all ages. The heights attained by adults have increased dramatically over the last half century. Noting that height is fixed by adulthood, the authors suggest that the more recent cohorts of adults experience more favorable nutritional conditions as children than did their older counterparts. Turning to children, the authors examine height, weight, and weight in combination with height. The authors show that child height, a longer-run indicator of nutritional status, is positively correlated with maternal education and household income, particularly among those children in the upper half of the income and maternal education distributions. Urban children are also taller than their peers. Essentially the same patterns emerge for child weight. Weight conditional on height focuses attention on shorter-run nutritional status. Weight-for-height is also positively associated with income and maternal education, although the effects are considerably weaker than those observed for the longer-run indicators.
Originally published in: Journal of Population, v. 2, no. 2, pp. 113-143.
This report is part of the RAND Corporation Reprint series. The Reprint was a product of the RAND Corporation from 1992 to 2011 that represented previously published journal articles, book chapters, and reports with the permission of the publisher. RAND reprints were formally reviewed in accordance with the publisher's editorial policy and compliant with RAND's rigorous quality assurance standards for quality and objectivity. For select current RAND journal articles, see External Publications.
Our mission to help improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis is enabled through our core values of quality and objectivity and our unwavering commitment to the highest level of integrity and ethical behavior. To help ensure our research and analysis are rigorous, objective, and nonpartisan, we subject our research publications to a robust and exacting quality-assurance process; avoid both the appearance and reality of financial and other conflicts of interest through staff training, project screening, and a policy of mandatory disclosure; and pursue transparency in our research engagements through our commitment to the open publication of our research findings and recommendations, disclosure of the source of funding of published research, and policies to ensure intellectual independence. For more information, visit www.rand.org/about/principles.
The RAND Corporation is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. RAND's publications do not necessarily reflect the opinions of its research clients and sponsors.