For the purposes of The RAND-St. Andrews Chronology of Terrorism, terrorism is defined by the nature of the act, not by the identity of the perpetrators or the nature of the cause. Terrorism is violence, or the threat of violence, calculated to create an atmosphere of fear and alarm. These acts are designed to coerce others into actions they would otherwise not undertake or refrain from taking actions that they desired to take. Incidents in this chronology are concerned with international violence, defined here as incidents in which terrorists go abroad to strike their targets, select victims or targets that have connections with a foreign state, or create international incidents by attacking airline passengers, personnel, and equipment. Although the chronology focuses on international terrorism, it is recognized that domestic political violence is often related and overlaps. Tactics in this chronology include kidnapping, bombing, and attacks on installations.
Originally published in: Terrorism and Political Violence, v. 8, no. 3, Autumn 1996, pp. 87-126.
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