"Unanticipated consequences" in anti-poverty programs

by Robert Klitgaard

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Many anti-poverty programs have unanticipated consequences. A typology is provided, and one of its categories is illustrated with examples: insufficient attention to the economics of the institutions that implement anti-poverty programs. This in turn leads to practical suggestions for improving these institutions, especially through better information and incentives.

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Originally published in: World Development, v. 25, no. 12, 1997, pp. 1963-1972.

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