Analyzing Discovery Management Policies

RAND Sheds New Light on the Civil Justice Reform Act Evaluation Data

by James S. Kakalik

Purchase Print Copy

 FormatList Price
Add to Cart Paperback6 pages Free

Concerns about civil discovery abuse in the federal courts contributed to the passage of the Civil Justice Reform Act (CJRA) of 1990. Much of the concern, however, has been based on anecdotal evidence. To evaluate the effects of the CJRA, the RAND Institute for Civil Justice was asked to look at implementation of certain case management policies in ten pilot districts. Several of these policies focused on discovery. The research team found that early case management predicted significantly reduced time to disposition, especially if coupled with mandatory trial planning, but early management may increase lawyer work hours. Limiting interrogatories and shortening time to discovery cutoff led to reduced lawyer work hours and thus to lower litigation costs. The outcomes of policy changes are dependent, however, on the kind of case and the judge's enthusiasm for active case management. Since most cases do not entail high discovery costs, policymakers should consider focusing discovery rule changes on management of the types of cases likely to have high discovery costs and on identifying such cases early.

Originally published in: Judges' Journal, v. 37, no. 2, Spring 1998, pp. 22-27.

This report is part of the RAND Corporation Reprint series. The Reprint was a product of the RAND Corporation from 1992 to 2011 that represented previously published journal articles, book chapters, and reports with the permission of the publisher. RAND reprints were formally reviewed in accordance with the publisher's editorial policy and compliant with RAND's rigorous quality assurance standards for quality and objectivity. For select current RAND journal articles, see External Publications.

Our mission to help improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis is enabled through our core values of quality and objectivity and our unwavering commitment to the highest level of integrity and ethical behavior. To help ensure our research and analysis are rigorous, objective, and nonpartisan, we subject our research publications to a robust and exacting quality-assurance process; avoid both the appearance and reality of financial and other conflicts of interest through staff training, project screening, and a policy of mandatory disclosure; and pursue transparency in our research engagements through our commitment to the open publication of our research findings and recommendations, disclosure of the source of funding of published research, and policies to ensure intellectual independence. For more information, visit

The RAND Corporation is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. RAND's publications do not necessarily reflect the opinions of its research clients and sponsors.