Cross-Lagged Relationships Among Adolescent Problem Drug Use, Delinquent Behavior, and Emotional Distress

by Khanh Van T. Bui, Phyllis L. Ellickson, Robert M. Bell


Purchase Print Copy

 FormatList Price
Add to Cart Paperback22 pages Free

This study examines the cross-lagged relationships among problem drug use, delinquent behavior, and emotional distress in a sample of 3,458 adolescents from California and Oregon. The analyses used data collected from participants in grades 10 and 12 (or equivalent). Structural equation modeling with latent variables showed strong cross-sectional correlations among these problems, strong stability effects for all three problems, and only one cross-lagged effect (greater frequency of delinquent behavior at grade 10 led to greater problem drug use at grade 12). Multisample analyses by ethnicity (Asian, Black, Latino, and White) showed that the cross-lagged effect was not statistically different in these four groups. The results suggest that curbing delinquent behavior might contribute to the prevention of problem drug use.

Originally published in: Journal of Drug Issues, v. 30, no. 2, Spring 2000, pp. 283-304.

This report is part of the RAND Corporation Reprint series. The Reprint was a product of the RAND Corporation from 1992 to 2011 that represented previously published journal articles, book chapters, and reports with the permission of the publisher. RAND reprints were formally reviewed in accordance with the publisher's editorial policy and compliant with RAND's rigorous quality assurance standards for quality and objectivity. For select current RAND journal articles, see External Publications.

The RAND Corporation is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. RAND's publications do not necessarily reflect the opinions of its research clients and sponsors.