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This research brief describes work documented in New Forces at Work: Industry Views Critical Technologies (MR-1008-OSTP).

Excerpt: Rather than replicate and update the list provided in the most recent (third) National Critical Technologies Report, the administration extended the inquiry in new directions. This fresh angle was intended to fill the information needs of policymakers by providing a new set of voices speaking to the questions raised in this area of public policy. Commissioned by the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy, New Forces at Work: Industry Views Critical Technologies was produced by RAND's Science and Technology Policy Institute (formerly the Critical Technologies Institute) as a deliberate experiment in finding new approaches to the issue of critical technologies. Based on in-depth interviews with managers from 39 firms, the method permitted examination of core issues such as what makes a technology "critical," as well as other issues surrounding those interactions of the private, public, and academic sectors that give rise to the technologies that form the foundation of the U.S. economic system.

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