This research brief describes work documented in The Effectiveness of Involuntary Outpatient Treatment: Empirical Evidence and the Experience of Eight States (MR-1340-CSCR).

Excerpt: In most mental health systems there are people with severe mental illness who are prone to relapse, have repeated hospitalizations and criminal justice contacts, and disproportionately use the most costly services. Many also have alcohol or drug abuse problems. Such individuals often fail to take their prescribed medications, worsening their condition.

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