This research brief describes work documented in Assessing the State and Federal Missions of the National Guard (MR-557-OSD).

Excerpt: But the National Guard is not just a federal resource. Its use by the states in a recent series of domestic disasters and other emergencies, coupled with the explicit acknowledgment of such missions in the Secretary of Defense's Bottom-Up Review, has led some state governors to question the wisdom of decreasing the Guard's size. These concerns and the assignment of several new domestic initiatives to the Guard have led other observers to wonder whether an organization with both federal and state missions should be sized to meet the federal mission only.

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