A study concerned with the peaceful sharing of atomic energy from 1954 to 1958 by the USSR with certain nations in the Soviet bloc. Factors motivating the initiation of such a program are discussed, and the nations receiving this assistance are listed. Aware of a "fourth country" problem, the Soviet Union is slowly implementing the initial sharing offers with its satellites and is keeping this activity outside the Soviet Union to a level that can be controlled by Moscow. However, considering that none of the orbit nations had an atomic program before 1955, the achievement to date is impressive. Sharing outside the orbit is chiefly a useful supplementary device by which to attain certain established international objectives. It is assumed that the Soviet leaders will keep the program limited so that the resources needed for the expansion of peaceful atomic applications in the USSR will not be drained.