A description of current communist penetration in the Indonesian government. While communist advances are substantial, the party does not yet control strategic positions essential for a coup. By fostering a reputation for "respectability," the Indonesian Communists hope to eventually bring the party to power by peacful means. The new communist tactics are made possible by President Sukarno's policies which attempt to offset the Army and the Communist Party, so that he may maintain his personal dictatorship. It is concluded that only Sukarno's retirement from active politics will prevent the Communist Party from coming to power eventually by a demonstration of genuine mass appeal.