The development of a model for the atmosphere of Venus that consists of 85 percent carbon dioxide and 15 percent nitrogen by volume. The thermodynamic properties of this derived atmospheric composition are given over the temperature-pressure range of 150 degrees K to 24,000 degrees K and 0.0001 atm to 100 atm. Normal-shock-wave characteristics of the model are also presented. A graphical method of obtaining oblique-shock-wave data and a method of obtaining electron concentration at low temperature are included as appendices.
This report is part of the RAND Corporation Research memorandum series. The Research Memorandum was a product of the RAND Corporation from 1948 to 1973 that represented working papers meant to report current results of RAND research to appropriate audiences.
Permission is given to duplicate this electronic document for personal use only, as long as it is unaltered and complete. Copies may not be duplicated for commercial purposes. Unauthorized posting of RAND PDFs to a non-RAND Web site is prohibited. RAND PDFs are protected under copyright law. For information on reprint and linking permissions, please visit the RAND Permissions page.
The RAND Corporation is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. RAND's publications do not necessarily reflect the opinions of its research clients and sponsors.