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A study of electric automobiles that are designed as the equivalent of their gasoline-engine counterparts in size, comfort, performance, and initial acceleration. Top speeds comparable to those of small present-day cars are shown to be realizable, though the range between refueling is not. Batteries are found to be a more promising prospect for storing and delivering energy to the motor than fuel cells using inexpensive fuels. Since the use of electric automobiles would reduce not only air pollution and noise, but vehicle costs as well, it is concluded that electric cars could be substituted advantageously for conventional cars for individual urban transportation.

This report is part of the RAND Corporation research memorandum series. The Research Memorandum was a product of the RAND Corporation from 1948 to 1973 that represented working papers meant to report current results of RAND research to appropriate audiences.

The RAND Corporation is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. RAND's publications do not necessarily reflect the opinions of its research clients and sponsors.