On decisionmaking in large organizations
An attempt to view the problems of military command and control systems in the context of organizational decisionmaking processes. Decisionmaking in a large military organization is intimately associated with the very complex communications process between individual decisionmakers. It is significantly different from the processes whereby an individual makes decisions. The characteristics of the organizational decision process can be described by categorizing the intraorganizational communications process as occurring at three levels: the formal, the subformal, and the personal. Each of these levels has an important role in the decision process.