Political and economic differences of opinion between Cuba and the Soviet Union are analyzed within the context of the interrelationships among Cuba, the Soviet Union, and Communist China. From 1961 to 1964 the Cuban attitude toward the Sino-Soviet dispute was one of public noninvolvement. Cuba, nevertheless, looked to Communist China for support of the Cuban doctrine of revolutionary overthrow of Latin American governments, although during this time the Soviet Union was seeking a detente with the United States. Soviet disapproval of the Cuban emphasis on industrialization also caused friction between the two countries. The economic debate was partially settled in early 1965, when Cuba decided to stress agriculture rather than industrialization. Politically, the Cubans have begun to organize their party-state more systematically. They have begun to realize that many of their economic goals cannot be immediately achieved. Like the Soviet Union, they have come to recognize that revolution in Latin America will be a long, slow process at best. Their facile optimism has been curbed, at least temporarily, in favor of policies more attuned to political reality in Latin America. 70 pp.
This report is part of the RAND Corporation Research memorandum series. The Research Memorandum was a product of the RAND Corporation from 1948 to 1973 that represented working papers meant to report current results of RAND research to appropriate audiences.
Our mission to help improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis is enabled through our core values of quality and objectivity and our unwavering commitment to the highest level of integrity and ethical behavior. To help ensure our research and analysis are rigorous, objective, and nonpartisan, we subject our research publications to a robust and exacting quality-assurance process; avoid both the appearance and reality of financial and other conflicts of interest through staff training, project screening, and a policy of mandatory disclosure; and pursue transparency in our research engagements through our commitment to the open publication of our research findings and recommendations, disclosure of the source of funding of published research, and policies to ensure intellectual independence. For more information, visit www.rand.org/about/principles.
The RAND Corporation is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. RAND's publications do not necessarily reflect the opinions of its research clients and sponsors.