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An analysis of the meaning of the disputed term, integration, in the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, the nature of France's objection to integration, and the actual extent of powers of the Supreme Commander (SACEUR). The real issue is whether each ally is entitled to veto any action by the others and by NATO agencies. While SACEUR is shown as even more important to the progress of coordination than usually thought, his influence is that of prestige and persuasion, not command. Arguments for and against various proposals, from separating the posts of U.S. and NATO commanders to dissolution of the alliance, are given. Perhaps the best arrangement is to retain NATO as a loose-jointed alliance in which like-minded nations are encouraged to join in common action; wartime powers need to be agreed upon explicitly by each nation. With its faults, NATO has made impressive contributions and has done much that would otherwise have required U.S. financing or gone undone.

This report is part of the RAND Corporation research memorandum series. The Research Memorandum was a product of the RAND Corporation from 1948 to 1973 that represented working papers meant to report current results of RAND research to appropriate audiences.

The RAND Corporation is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. RAND's publications do not necessarily reflect the opinions of its research clients and sponsors.