A statistical analysis to determine the factors that explain variation in the degree of government control in the provinces of South Vietnam. An analysis of social and economic data reveals that a greater degree of government control is associated with greater inequality in land tenure. A secure province in South Vietnam is one in which few peasants work their own land, distribution of land holdings is unequal, land redistribution has not been carried out, large French land holdings have existed in the past, population density is high, and the terrain is such that mobility and accessibility are low. The greater power of landlords and the docility of peasants in these relatively feudal areas may account for the situation.
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