Purchase Print Copy

 FormatList Price Price
Add to Cart Paperback47 pages $23.00 $18.40 20% Web Discount

The famous eight-queens chess problem extended into the area of linguistics. The problem is presented and then generalized into a language over strings of integers. Various formalisms are shown to be able to describe this language, including arithmetical relations defined on each pair of integers in the string, programs for actually generating and parsing strings, and a relational grammar. It is shown that context-sensitive grammar and transformational grammar are likely to be capable of defining the language. The simplicity and elegance of the arithmetical formulation and the computer programs that are easily derived from it are contrasted to the counterintuitive properties of relational grammars, context-sensitive grammars, and transformational grammars that define the same language. A natural language counterpart to the Queens Language is given, and new measures of linguistic adequacy are defined. The implications of these new measures of adequacy to efforts for finding appropriate linguistic formalisms are discussed. 47 pp. Ref.

This report is part of the RAND Corporation Research memorandum series. The Research Memorandum was a product of the RAND Corporation from 1948 to 1973 that represented working papers meant to report current results of RAND research to appropriate audiences.

Our mission to help improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis is enabled through our core values of quality and objectivity and our unwavering commitment to the highest level of integrity and ethical behavior. To help ensure our research and analysis are rigorous, objective, and nonpartisan, we subject our research publications to a robust and exacting quality-assurance process; avoid both the appearance and reality of financial and other conflicts of interest through staff training, project screening, and a policy of mandatory disclosure; and pursue transparency in our research engagements through our commitment to the open publication of our research findings and recommendations, disclosure of the source of funding of published research, and policies to ensure intellectual independence. For more information, visit www.rand.org/about/principles.

The RAND Corporation is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. RAND's publications do not necessarily reflect the opinions of its research clients and sponsors.