A discussion of several recent trends in Arab intellectual thought with respect to Arab nationalism, Arab socialism, and the place of Islam in both. This Memorandum describes important questions and debates in Arab thought in the 1960s. Several solutions to the problem of reconciling Islam and Arab nationalism are offered, ranging from the argument that the two are fully compatible to the contention that they are in conflict. Younger Arab intellectuals have tended to neglect these arguments and the related concern for the past by turning to issues posed by modernization. The new intellectuals appear to be passing through a period of crisis in their own thinking that is characterized by secularism and radical self-criticism. Discussion remains at a high level of abstraction, however, and there is little sign that a more empirical, problem-solving approach is emerging. 40 pp.
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