Download

Download eBook for Free

FormatFile SizeNotes
PDF file 2.9 MB

Use Adobe Acrobat Reader version 10 or higher for the best experience.

Purchase

Purchase Print Copy

 FormatList Price Price
Add to Cart Paperback89 pages $30.00 $24.00 20% Web Discount

Two theoretical models are developed to examine the individual incentives and perceptions of difference between people that can lead, collectively, to the segregation of various sub-populations. The models also clarify the extent to which inferences can be drawn from the phenomenon of collective segregation about the preferences of individuals, the strengths of those preferences, and the facilities for exercising them. The first of these two conceptual models is a simulation model that distributes individuals within an area in accordance with their preferences about the composition of the neighborhood. The variables are the ratio of the two races in the population, the demands for neighbors like oneself, and the size of the neighborhood within which an individual’s preferences operate. The second model, which is analytical, examines the questions: What distribution of color tolerances among the population may be compatible with dynamically stable mixtures? What effect will the initial conditions and the dynamics of movement have on the outcome? What kinds of numerical constraints might alter the results? Use of the formal model to examine the phenomenon of neighborhood tipping does not reveal any important discontinuity necessarily occurring at the commonly accepted tolerance value of 20 percent black.

This report is part of the RAND Corporation Research memorandum series. The Research Memorandum was a product of the RAND Corporation from 1948 to 1973 that represented working papers meant to report current results of RAND research to appropriate audiences.

This research in the public interest was supported by RAND, using discretionary funds made possible by the generosity of RAND's donors, the fees earned on client-funded research, and independent research and development (IR&D) funds provided by the Department of Defense.

This document and trademark(s) contained herein are protected by law. This representation of RAND intellectual property is provided for noncommercial use only. Unauthorized posting of this publication online is prohibited; linking directly to this product page is encouraged. Permission is required from RAND to reproduce, or reuse in another form, any of its research documents for commercial purposes. For information on reprint and reuse permissions, please visit www.rand.org/pubs/permissions.

The RAND Corporation is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. RAND's publications do not necessarily reflect the opinions of its research clients and sponsors.