A discussion of the character and political role of the Peruvian armed forces. The Peruvian military is much more complex than is implied by its reputation as monolithic, oppressive, and reactionary. The military's political complexion blends the provincial, middle-class orientation of many Army officers and the efficiency of a disciplined bureaucracy. Higher education, loosened ties to the urban social elite, increasing self-consciousness about an enforced repressive role, and improved knowledge of political and social problems have contributed to the military's shift from political warden to policymaker. In a coup of October 3, 1968, the military installed its own government in power. The new government has taken actions that have endangered relations with the United States and shows disaffection from liberal democratic procedures, but also inclines toward positive national development. Future behavior is likely to reflect traditional caution and diversity. 25 pp
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