Since the early 1950s, the United States has been interested in the growth of the Soviet economy, particularly in its ability to support high levels of military expenditure. This study investigates one aspect of Soviet income distribution, the wage structure resulting from the first major post-war Soviet industrial reform. Begun in 1956, this reform led to a new wage system in industry by 1960. Its aims, largely met, were: achievement of a desired allocation of labor, better worker performance, and at the same time a more equitable distribution of income. Results moved the USSR closer to eliminating income inequality, but despite a more plentiful supply of skilled workers, the demands of advanced technology coupled with a continued need for efficiency will mean continued inequality in earnings for some time. The study includes a comparison of the Soviet interindustrial wage differential structure with that of the United States and discusses trends for the future. 170 pp. Bibliog.
This report is part of the RAND Corporation Research memorandum series. The Research Memorandum was a product of the RAND Corporation from 1948 to 1973 that represented working papers meant to report current results of RAND research to appropriate audiences.
Our mission to help improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis is enabled through our core values of quality and objectivity and our unwavering commitment to the highest level of integrity and ethical behavior. To help ensure our research and analysis are rigorous, objective, and nonpartisan, we subject our research publications to a robust and exacting quality-assurance process; avoid both the appearance and reality of financial and other conflicts of interest through staff training, project screening, and a policy of mandatory disclosure; and pursue transparency in our research engagements through our commitment to the open publication of our research findings and recommendations, disclosure of the source of funding of published research, and policies to ensure intellectual independence. For more information, visit www.rand.org/about/principles.
The RAND Corporation is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. RAND's publications do not necessarily reflect the opinions of its research clients and sponsors.