Program Budgeting for School District Planning : Concepts and Applications.

by Sue A. Haggart, Stephen M. Barro, Michael Carpenter, J. A. Dei Rossi, Marjorie L. Rapp


Purchase Print Copy

 FormatList Price Price
Add to Cart Paperback225 pages $45.00 $36.00 20% Web Discount

An exploration of the applicability of the concepts and techniques of program budgeting, or PPBS, to the problems of educational planning at the school district level. Program budgeting is presented as basically a resource allocation system that stresses the setting of objectives, grouping activities into programs to meet the objectives, identifying the resources required by the programs, and measuring the effectiveness of the programs in meeting the objectives. Emphasis is on the system-analytical aspect of program budgeting rather than on the program accounting aspect. A program structure that departs from the traditional subject-oriented categories is proposed as a means of illustrating the concepts and techniques of resource analysis and cost models, of measuring effectiveness, and of evaluating alternatives. All these activities are necessary in the implementation of a successful program budgeting system. 225 pp. Bibliog.

This report is part of the RAND Corporation Research memorandum series. The Research Memorandum was a product of the RAND Corporation from 1948 to 1973 that represented working papers meant to report current results of RAND research to appropriate audiences.

This research in the public interest was supported by RAND, using discretionary funds made possible by the generosity of RAND's donors, the fees earned on client-funded research, and independent research and development (IR&D) funds provided by the Department of Defense.

Our mission to help improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis is enabled through our core values of quality and objectivity and our unwavering commitment to the highest level of integrity and ethical behavior. To help ensure our research and analysis are rigorous, objective, and nonpartisan, we subject our research publications to a robust and exacting quality-assurance process; avoid both the appearance and reality of financial and other conflicts of interest through staff training, project screening, and a policy of mandatory disclosure; and pursue transparency in our research engagements through our commitment to the open publication of our research findings and recommendations, disclosure of the source of funding of published research, and policies to ensure intellectual independence. For more information, visit

The RAND Corporation is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. RAND's publications do not necessarily reflect the opinions of its research clients and sponsors.