Jan 1, 1970
Soviet R&D is redirected toward industrial needs. Besides computers and automation, major attention is on power engineering, electronics, nuclear applications, chemistry, earth sciences, economic control, and microbiology. Microorganisms are the reagents in the first large-scale production of protein from petroleum hydrocarbons. Automatic diagnosis of brain tumors was 85 percent successful by computer, 90 percent by diagnostic table. Computers are little used for accounting. Ukrainia's scientific/technical information system includes a fund of over 2500 algorithms, programs, and user's guides. Romanian electronic progress is reported. The usual complaints of inefficiency, waste, and delay of automation appear, as do the usual reports of savings. Tbilisi emerges as a major computer design center with the Tbilisi-1 process controller and M-1000, first of the third-generation modular Soviet computers. The BESM-3M read/write head wears out tapes. Other hardware is discussed or pictured.