Developing a Robust Water Strategy for Monterrey, Mexico
Aug 9, 2019
Mexico's third-largest metropolitan area, Monterrey, faces future water security challenges as the region grows. Tecnológico de Monterrey and RAND Corporation researchers used RAND's Robust Decision Making (RDM) framework to organize an analysis of long-term trends and vulnerabilities in water management in Monterrey and to help design a long-term water strategy.
Diversification and Adaptation for Coping with Climate, Economic, and Technological Uncertainties
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Mexico's third-largest metropolitan area, Monterrey, faces future water security challenges as the region grows. Fondo de Agua Metropolitano de Monterrey commissioned staff from Tecnológico de Monterrey in partnership with the RAND Corporation to conduct an analysis of the long-term trends and vulnerabilities in water management in Monterrey and to help design a long-term robust water strategy.
The study documented in this report uses RAND's Robust Decision Making (RDM) framework to organize the analysis and was carried out in close collaboration with Monterrey's water planning community.
The results of the study show that the current capacity of Monterrey's water system is not sufficient to sustain current reliability levels in the near term or beyond. Increases in water demand will soon reduce the reliability of the system below current levels (i.e., 97 percent), and potential declines in water availability across current source basins and groundwater sources would further erode reliability. In their analysis, the researchers defined a robust, adaptive water management strategy that includes near-term investments to expand the capacities of the system and make it more efficient while monitoring future water demand and climate conditions to inform expansions in the coming years. This plan is consistent with the intuition and previous analysis of local stakeholders regarding the need to expand the supply capacities of the current system while being mindful of the significant uncertainties about the future. Finally, the analysis shows that this adaptive strategy significantly reduces the latent vulnerabilities present in the current system.
Water Planning in Monterrey: Future Uncertainties and Political Gridlock
Developing a Robust, Adaptive Water-Management Strategy
Future Vulnerability of Monterrey's Water Supply
Enhancing the Resilience of Monterrey's Water System Through a Robust, Adaptive Master Plan
Conclusions and Policy Recommendations
Robust Decision Making Methodology
Integrated Assessment Model
Constructing the Uncertain Futures
The research described in this report was funded by Fondo de Agua Metropolitano de Monterrey (FAMM) and conducted by the Community Health and Environmental Policy Program within RAND Social and Economic Well-Being.
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