Local perspectives in Ending Gang and Youth Violence areas
Perceptions of the nature of urban street gangs
To improve understanding of how local experiences of street gangs may have changed recently, and to better understand the national gangs picture and the challenges and emerging threats facing local areas, the UK Home Office commissioned RAND Europe to deliver research in 33 local areas which are part of the Ending Gang and Youth Violence programme. The study drew upon the experiences of practitioners from a range of agencies who are involved in formulating local responses to urban street gangs and pulled together the most recent research and practice literature. The aim was to support strategic decision making around future work to improve outcomes for individuals and communities affected by gangs and gang activity.
Please note: This report is not available on the RAND website but can be downloaded from the GOV.UK website.
Table of Contents
Estimated numbers of gangs and gang members
Perceptions of the defining features of gangs
Age of gang members and involvement of young people in gangs
Gang structure and initiation
Inter-gang cooperation and conflict in custody and the community
Visibility, identifiers and use of social media
Criminal activities including organised criminal activities and use of weapons
Involvement of women and girls in gangs
Methods and approach