Over the past decade, Internet penetration rates have been on a sharp rise. The Internet has significantly changed the job application process and improved the channels of communication between employers and job-seekers. Yet despite significant interest in the topic, past studies offer little evidence on the role of the Internet in the job search process and its impact on labor market outcomes. This study uses cross-sectional and panel data from the United States, Germany, and South Korea, as well as a U.S. Army personnel dataset. The first part of the dissertation builds a demographic and socio-economic profile of Internet job-seekers and assesses how this profile has evolved since late 1990s. The second part of this dissertation provides an estimate of the impact of job search on the Internet on the likelihood of finding a job and ending an unemployment spell. The last part of the dissertation focuses on the relationship between Internet recruitment and posterior job performance in the context of the U.S. Army.
Table of Contents
Introduction, Research Questions, and Policy Relevance
Findings from the Literature on Human Resource Management and Job Search
Profile and Evolution of Online Job-Seekers
The Internet and Job Search Outcomes
Internet Recruitment and Employment Outcomes
Discussion and Policy Implications