Over the past thirty years, Motivational Interviewing (MI) has been used to elicit change in a wide range of behaviors. During an MI session, the counselor uses open-ended questions and reflections to elicit behavior modifying language. This language is referred to as "change talk" (CT). MI is usually conducted in one-to-one sessions. However, in many service delivery settings (such as drop-in centers for homeless youth), staff time and other resources are too limited to be able to offer this type of individual counseling. MI delivered in a group setting is more feasible and thereby more likely to be sustainable in community-based settings. For this reason, there has been growing interest in delivering MI in group settings. However, few group MI interventions have been rigorously evaluated, and there is a need to better understand how group MI works in predicting client behavior change. The results of this study should be of interest to policymakers, researchers and practitioners who are seeking to expand the evidence-based literature for health-related risk reduction interventions targeting homeless youth. If effective and widely utilized, the proposed streamlined MI coding process would greatly decrease the amount of resources needed to examine the effects of non-judgmental, collaborative, evidence- based group MI interventions, similar to the pilot intervention examined in this study.
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Streamlined Parsing and Coding System for Group Level MI
Research Application of Streamline Parsing and Coding Method