Validation of the Risk and Resiliency Assessment Tool for Juveniles in the Los Angeles County Probation System
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As part of the settlement of a civil suit brought by the Black Probation Officers Association, the Los Angeles County Probation Department was required to allocate resources for the administration of a risk and needs instrument to its juvenile probationers. The parties agreed to stipulate the RAND Corporation as the evaluator of this instrument. After surveying a number of instruments, RAND chose the San Diego Risk and Resiliency Checkup (SDRRC) and conducted a pilot validation assessment of that instrument. RAND found that a youth’s “resiliency score” on the SDRRC (the net sum of risk factors, which have negative values, and protective factors, which have positive values) is significantly related to the youth’s 12-month recidivism rate. The Los Angeles Probation Department has implemented a policy to institutionalize the SDRRC, now referred to as the LARRC, and is developing an automated case plan that will build on the LARRC assessment instrument to provide a more consistent and objective foundation for determining appropriate services based upon the needs of the minor.
Table of Contents
Background and Purpose
Selecting a Risk and Needs Instrument
Validating the Instrument
Arrest Rates by Resiliency Score
San Diego Risk and Resiliency Checkup
Services Data Form
Characteristics of the Sample and of All Probation Cases
Computation of Weights
Youth and Family Language and Proficiency
Arrests During Follow-Up, by Resiliency Score and Ethnicity
The research described in this report was conducted within RAND Infrastructure, Safety, and Environment (ISE), a division of the RAND Corporation, for the Los Angeles County Probation Department.
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