Over the past ten years, probation departments across the state of California have undertaken five major initiatives aimed at juvenile offenders and at-risk youths. At the same time, juvenile arrests and incarcerations have fallen, teen pregnancies have dropped, the numbers of youths living below the poverty level has gone down, and high school graduation rates have increased. Although probation initiatives were concomitant with these positive outcomes, we cannot definitively attribute observed statewide trends to them.
Table of Contents
Programs and Initiatives
Indicators of Change
This research was conducted within RAND Infrastructure, Safety, and Environment (ISE), a unit of the RAND Corporation, for the Chief Probation Officers of California.
This report is part of the RAND Corporation technical report series. RAND technical reports may include research findings on a specific topic that is limited in scope or intended for a narrow audience; present discussions of the methodology employed in research; provide literature reviews, survey instruments, modeling exercises, guidelines for practitioners and research professionals, and supporting documentation; or deliver preliminary findings. All RAND reports undergo rigorous peer review to ensure that they meet high standards for research quality and objectivity.
The RAND Corporation is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. RAND's publications do not necessarily reflect the opinions of its research clients and sponsors.