Over the past ten years, probation departments across the state of California have undertaken five major initiatives aimed at juvenile offenders and at-risk youths. At the same time, juvenile arrests and incarcerations have fallen, teen pregnancies have dropped, the numbers of youths living below the poverty level has gone down, and high school graduation rates have increased. Although probation initiatives were concomitant with these positive outcomes, we cannot definitively attribute observed statewide trends to them.
This research was conducted within RAND Infrastructure, Safety, and Environment (ISE), a unit of the RAND Corporation, for the Chief Probation Officers of California.
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